Interview of Manil Joshua, CEO, Founder Member SEDS NGO Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh
Interview Manil Joshua SEDS Anantapur
1. What are the rural development initiatives undertaken by SEDS?
· Vocational Training Programme
· Food for work programme
· Self Help Groups for women
· Water shed programme
· Dry land horticulture and reforestation
· Natural Resources Management
· Safe Drinking Water & Repair of Hand pumps
· Health and Sanitation Programme
· Flood relief programme
· Fish Fingerlings
· Balwadi Centres
· Kitchen Gardens
· Land and Agricultural Development programme
· Community organisation
· Old people programme
· Sustainable Agriculture
· Tank Desilting
· Child Sponsorship programme
· Low Carbon Farming
2. How many women have benefited from SEDS’s gender initiatives? What are the gender interventions?
· About 40,000
· SHG’s, Biogas programmes, Vocational Training programme and watershed
3. How many watersheds have been developed by SEDS? What is the approximate catchment area for these watersheds?
· 22 water sheds and 27170 sha of catchment area
4. How much area of rural afforestation has been undertaken by SEDS? What are the kinds of usufruct trees planted up by SEDS in these areas?
· 45000 hectares
· Tamarind, Neem, Pongamia, Glyricidia, Erythrina, Mango, Guava, Bher, Acacia, Aurcliformis, Badam, Coconut, Sapota, Jamoon, Custard Apple, Palmyra, Flous, Stylosanthus hamata, Eucalyptus, Casu Rina, Pithacas, Toddy, Khus Khus, Bogenvella, Alovera, Marri, Cassia Siama, Tecoma, Jamlam etc..
5. Any agroforestry initiatives / interventions? If yes details of acreage, kinds of trees, number of employees and beneficiaries. Any soil conservation measures undertaken?
· Counter trenching, Bunding, pitting, bund plantation and Horticulture plantation
· 45000 hectares
· Neem, glyricidia, accasia, Pongamia, Erythrina, Mango, Guava, Bher, Acacia, Aurcliformis, Badam, Coconut, Sapota, Jamoon, Custard Apple, Palmyra, , Stylosanthus hamata, Eucalyptus. Casuarinas etc.
· 30 employees and approx. 2500 beneficiaries
· Counter bunding, check dams, gully checks, spill ways etc..
6. For how long has SEDS been active in these areas?
· 40 years
7. Please explain in simple language how SEDS played a critical role in replenishing ground water table in desertified Anantapur. How long did it take to replenish ground water table? What methods helped in this ground water replenishment?
· Gradually, vegetation began to grow around the perimeter of these check dams. More check dams were built and the groundwater levels began to rise. With more water, local varieties of vegetation were introduced to bind and preserve the topsoil. With better topsoil, the crop yield improved.
8. Please profile the SEDS’s interventions in the fields of agroforestry, menstrual hygiene gender perspectives, rural education, soil conservation and restoration of soil nutrition / restoration of sweet water and treatment of brackish water in the ground water table if any…
· Food for work programme, Watershed management, Community Organisation, SHG, Child Sponsorship programme and plantation programme
· Hand pumps and Bore wells Drilling and repair, Safe drinking water programme
9. Any interventions in dry land farming and micro finance? If yes please put in a nutshell. And connect me to the beneficiaries in all fields / interventions as I need loads of voices / quotes.
· Pot irrigation, Drip irrigation, Mulching, water storage ponds, water harvesting ponds etc.
· Beneficiary details are not available
10. Ecological benefits of watershed management, rain water harvesting, ground water replenishment for man and beast.
· Ground water level and soil fertility increased, cultivation area increased, Forestry developed, livestock increased and Natural resources developed etc. Drinking water trough sunder drought relief work was taken up
11. Any interventions in livestock farming and poultry? Microfinance in this area? Please network me with beneficiaries.
· Ram lamb programme, Giri raja chickens distribution for SHG’s
· Finance to the SHG groups for the Milch animals
12. Dry land farming and millet / lentil farming for rural populace of Anantapur? Beneficiaries?
· Approx. 2500 acres of dry land farming was done
· Foxtail millet was promoted on a large scale
· Beneficiaries data not available
13. How many people were employed in watershed management and how many have benefitted? Statistics and contact details of beneficiaries please.
· 300 members and 50000 beneficiaries
Interviewed by Malini Shankar Director Digital Discourse Foundation